Menstruation and Nausea

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Some women have come to expect nausea and sometimes vomiting before or during their periods. Are these symptoms normal? Find out, as you read further.
Nausea and vomiting are a few of the symptoms females experience during their periods. Depending on the individual, the symptoms may differ. As such, not all women may experience nausea.
These symptoms are caused by hormonal and chemical changes that occur during your menstrual cycle.

Although nausea may be normal and nothing to worry about before or during your period, they may be a symptom of an underlying condition.

Below are a few reasons for your nausea:

Dysmenorrhea (Menstrual cramps)
Some women experience cramps so severe that they lead to nausea and sometimes, vomiting.
More than usual prostaglandins, the hormones that control uterine contractions, in the body cause PMS symptoms like nausea, vomiting, cravings, headaches, among others.
Dysmenorrhea can be classified into Primary and Secondary.

Premenstrual Syndrome:
PMS, often harmless, is a cluster of symptoms that are felt a week or two to one’s period. They often go away when menstruating. These symptoms include headaches, fatigue, diarrhea, mood swings and of course, nausea.
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)

Some women experience severe and debilitating symptoms of PMS may be experiencing PMDD. This can be detected through thorough investigations and diagnosis by specialists.
Symptoms include anxiety, severe cramps, breast tenderness and pains, irritability, and bloating.

Endometriosis
Endometriosis is caused when tissues similar to the lining of the uterus grow elsewhere in the body, other than the uterus. These tissues, like the lining of the uterus, thicken and shed during every cycle, and cause a lot of pains.
Nausea is one of the symptoms of endometriosis.

Pelvic inflammatory disease
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an inflammation of the female reproductive organs, and it can cause nausea.
It happens when bacteria move from the vagina to the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. It can cause menstrual cramps, pain during sex, pain during urination, and pelvic pain.
When not treated well, PID can cause severe complications like infertility.

TREATMENT
Period nausea can be managed by a number of medicines. Some of these are over the counter. If the nausea is becoming unbearable, you should visit your community Pharmacist or go to the hospital.
In addition to Pharmacological treatments, some home remedies may help relieve nausea. These include:

Fluids
It is important to keep the body hydrated by sipping liquids, especially water.
You can be creative by adding lemons to the water. You also take ginger ale or juice, apple juice, tea.

Ginger
It is a well known traditional remedy for nausea and cramps. It can regulate your body’s prostaglandins. You can try taking ginger in a couple of ways like: ginger tea, lozenges, or toffees as well as ginger biscuits.

Peppermint
Peppermint extract helps reduce prostaglandins, thereby easing nausea. Many people use peppermint aromatherapy or drink peppermint tea.

Cinnamon and cloves
They contain eugenol, a chemical compound that has antiemetic properties, thereby relieving nausea and vomiting. Apart from relieving nausea, they help reduce cramps. You can add them to your tea or the good old Sobol.

Bland foods.
Bland foods until you feel better. Such foods include plain rice, toast, cream cracker biscuits, sugar free biscuits.

Breathing exercises
Breathing exercises may help relax your muscles and ease nausea.
Taking a walk to breathe in fresh air is a great way to help improve your symptoms.

Nausea is a normal symptom of menstruation. However, it can also symptom of an underlying condition. It is therefore imperative to know your body and the symptoms you normally experience. And report to your doctor of Pharmacist when you experience some changes.

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By Able Delalie